BDA Building Design Art – Ho2+ scraper – Malaysia
The vision of living under water came into being about the same time when the dream of conquering space came to life. One year before the Russian Juri Gagarin circled earth, the Swiss Jacques Piccard went nearly eleven kilometers deep down into the Mariana Trench in the Western Pacific with his submarine. Since then, various experiments for human life below sea level have been carried through. Of the worldwide 65 underwater habitats only Aquarius, the research lab of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, operated by the university of North Carolina at Wilmington fourteen kilometers South-east of Key Largo in the Atlantic, still exists.
Environmental pollution and the devastation of complete land areas could soon lure humans into the sea again. At least if you believe what the architect Sarly Adre Sakum, founder and shareholder of BDA Building Design Art, says. His hO²+ scraper was presented in 2010 at the annual Evolo Skyscraper Competition.
Far away from any urban context and beyond skyscrapers Sarly Adre Sakum strives for an urban structure of its own, adapted to the sea and operating completely autonomously: A city in the water, supplying itself and generating its own resources without exploiting its environment. The major part of the building is, like an iceberg, under water. On the visible, green surface food could be produced through agriculture and aquaculture. A forest, solar panels and wind turbines are the visible signs of the underwater town.
The actual life in the nautical city takes place deep down below. On the upper floors daylight can still reach, living quarters are planned. There, you will find shopping centers, offices, museums or sports facilities. Below there are labs exploring the maritime environment. On this level energy generation through the sea and biomass takes place. A few floors below the recycling and waste station is supposed to get built.
hO2+ scraper is kept upright through a ballast tank system of weights and variably fillable tanks. Tentacles at the bottom end of the waterscraper are constantly moving through the sea waves and thus generate a counter-force to the existing current. The bioluminescent tentacles around the floating city serve as a habitat for sea fauna. Through its movement the building will be kept upright also when the waves are stronger and generate energy at the same time.
The hO2+ scraper may still be a vision of the future, and currently nobody thinks of really realizing such a larger-than-life project. But it’s an uncomfortable truth that the climate change our planet is going through may force humanity to look for alternatives to current living standards. US president John F. Kennedy seems to have realized this when he said: “Not only driven by curiosity we should explore the oceans. Our survival may depend on it.”
BDA Building Design Art